5-HT3R–sourced calcium enhances glutamate release from a distinct vesicle pool

Jessica A. Fawley, Mark W. Doyle, Michael Andresen

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Abstract

The serotonin 3 receptor (5-HT3R) is a calcium-permeant channel heterogeneously expressed in solitary tract (ST) afferents. ST afferents synapse in the nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) and rely on a mix of voltage-dependent calcium channels (CaVs) to control synchronous glutamate release (ST-EPSCs). CaV activation triggers additional, delayed release of glutamate (asynchronous EPSCs) that trails after the ST-EPSCs but only from afferents expressing the calcium-permeable, transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 receptor (TRPV1). Most afferents express TRPV1 and have high rates of spontaneous glutamate release (sEPSCs) that is independent of CaVs. Here, we tested whether 5-HT3R-sourced calcium contributes to these different forms of glutamate release in horizontal NTS slices from rats. The 5-HT3R selective agonist, m-chlorophenyl biguanide hydrochloride (PBG), enhanced sEPSCs and/or delayed the arrival times of ST-EPSCs (i.e. increased latency). The specific 5-HT3R antagonist, ondansetron, attenuated these effects consistent with direct activation of 5-HT3Rs. PBG did not alter ST-EPSC amplitude or asynchronous EPSCs. These independent actions suggest two distinct 5-HT3R locations; axonal expression that impedes conduction and terminal expression that mobilizes a spontaneous vesicle pool. Calcium chelation with EGTA-AM attenuated the frequency of 5-HT3R-activated sEPSCs by half. The mixture of chelation-sensitive and resistant sEPSCs suggests that 5-HT3R-activated vesicles span calcium diffusion distances that are both distal (micro-) and proximal (nanodomains) to the channel. Our results demonstrate that the calcium domains of 5-HT3Rs do not overlap other calcium sources or their respective vesicle pools. 5-HT3Rs add a unique calcium source on ST afferents as part of multiple independent synaptic signaling mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number146346
JournalBrain research
Volume1721
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 2019

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Keywords

  • 5-HTR
  • Calcium domains
  • Glutamate release
  • NTS
  • TRPV1
  • Vesicle pools

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology

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