XeCl laser-induced fluorescence of atherosclerotic arteries: Spectral similarities between lipid-rich lesions and peroxidized lipoproteine

A. A. Oraevsky, Steven Jacques, G. H. Pettit, R. A. Sauerbrey, F. K. Tittel, J. H. Nguy, P. D. Henry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Autofluorescence spectroscopy of arterial surfaces provides information about the distribution and composition of atherosclerotic plaques. The aim of the study was to determine whether accumulation of peroxidized lipoproteins in arterial walls, a process postulated to play a role in initiating atherosclerotic changes, can be demonstrated by fluorescence spectroscopy. XeCl excimer laser (308 nm)-induced fluorescence of human aortas containing early lipid-rich noncollagenous lesions exhibited marked red shifts and broadening of the fluorescence spectra compared with spectra from nonatherosclerotic: aortas. Similar profiles were observed in spectra obtained from oxidatively modified low density lipoprotein but not native low density lipoprotein. In hypercholesterolemic rabbits with early foam cell lesions, spectral shifts resembled those of oxidized β-very low density lipoprotein, the major lipoprotein accumulating in arteries of rabbits fed cholesterol. XeCl laser-fluorescence spectroscopy of arterial surfaces may be useful for the identification of arteries accumulating modified lipoproteins (oxidized low density lipoprotein), a chemical change indicative of atherosclerosis in its early and probably reversible stages.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)84-90
Number of pages7
JournalCirculation Research
Volume72
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1993
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Excimer Lasers
Lipoproteins
Arteries
Fluorescence
Fluorescence Spectrometry
Lipids
LDL Lipoproteins
Aorta
Rabbits
Foam Cells
Information Dissemination
Atherosclerotic Plaques
Spectrum Analysis
Atherosclerosis
Cholesterol

Keywords

  • Atherosclerosis
  • Fluorescence spectroscopy
  • Oxidized lipoprotein
  • XeCl laser

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Oraevsky, A. A., Jacques, S., Pettit, G. H., Sauerbrey, R. A., Tittel, F. K., Nguy, J. H., & Henry, P. D. (1993). XeCl laser-induced fluorescence of atherosclerotic arteries: Spectral similarities between lipid-rich lesions and peroxidized lipoproteine. Circulation Research, 72(1), 84-90.

XeCl laser-induced fluorescence of atherosclerotic arteries : Spectral similarities between lipid-rich lesions and peroxidized lipoproteine. / Oraevsky, A. A.; Jacques, Steven; Pettit, G. H.; Sauerbrey, R. A.; Tittel, F. K.; Nguy, J. H.; Henry, P. D.

In: Circulation Research, Vol. 72, No. 1, 01.1993, p. 84-90.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Oraevsky, AA, Jacques, S, Pettit, GH, Sauerbrey, RA, Tittel, FK, Nguy, JH & Henry, PD 1993, 'XeCl laser-induced fluorescence of atherosclerotic arteries: Spectral similarities between lipid-rich lesions and peroxidized lipoproteine', Circulation Research, vol. 72, no. 1, pp. 84-90.
Oraevsky, A. A. ; Jacques, Steven ; Pettit, G. H. ; Sauerbrey, R. A. ; Tittel, F. K. ; Nguy, J. H. ; Henry, P. D. / XeCl laser-induced fluorescence of atherosclerotic arteries : Spectral similarities between lipid-rich lesions and peroxidized lipoproteine. In: Circulation Research. 1993 ; Vol. 72, No. 1. pp. 84-90.
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AU - Sauerbrey, R. A.

AU - Tittel, F. K.

AU - Nguy, J. H.

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AB - Autofluorescence spectroscopy of arterial surfaces provides information about the distribution and composition of atherosclerotic plaques. The aim of the study was to determine whether accumulation of peroxidized lipoproteins in arterial walls, a process postulated to play a role in initiating atherosclerotic changes, can be demonstrated by fluorescence spectroscopy. XeCl excimer laser (308 nm)-induced fluorescence of human aortas containing early lipid-rich noncollagenous lesions exhibited marked red shifts and broadening of the fluorescence spectra compared with spectra from nonatherosclerotic: aortas. Similar profiles were observed in spectra obtained from oxidatively modified low density lipoprotein but not native low density lipoprotein. In hypercholesterolemic rabbits with early foam cell lesions, spectral shifts resembled those of oxidized β-very low density lipoprotein, the major lipoprotein accumulating in arteries of rabbits fed cholesterol. XeCl laser-fluorescence spectroscopy of arterial surfaces may be useful for the identification of arteries accumulating modified lipoproteins (oxidized low density lipoprotein), a chemical change indicative of atherosclerosis in its early and probably reversible stages.

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