Workplace Incivility and Employee Sleep

The Role of Rumination and Recovery Experiences

Caitlin A. Demsky, Charlotte Fritz, Leslie Hammer, Anne E. Black

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examines the role of negative work rumination and recovery experiences in explaining the association between workplace incivility and employee insomnia symptoms. Drawing on the perseverative cognition model of stress and the effort-recovery model, we hypothesize a moderated mediation model in which workplace incivility is associated with insomnia symptoms via negative work rumination. This indirect effect is proposed to be conditional on employees' reported level of recovery experiences (i.e., psychological detachment from work and relaxation during nonwork time). In examining this model, we further establish a link between workplace incivility and sleep and identify one pathway to explain this relationship, as well as resources that may be used to halt the negative spillover of workplace incivility on sleep. Based on a sample of 699 U.S. Forest Service employees, we find support for a moderated mediation model in which the association between workplace incivility and increased insomnia symptoms via increased negative work rumination was weakest for employees reporting high levels of recovery experiences during nonwork time. Findings from the current study contribute to our understanding of why workplace incivility is associated with nonwork outcomes, as well as point to implications for interventions aimed at promoting employees' recovery from work.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Occupational Health Psychology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Apr 23 2018

Fingerprint

Workplace
Sleep
Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders
Cognition
Psychology

Keywords

  • Negative work rumination
  • Psychological detachment
  • Relaxation
  • Sleep quality
  • Workplace incivility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Workplace Incivility and Employee Sleep : The Role of Rumination and Recovery Experiences. / Demsky, Caitlin A.; Fritz, Charlotte; Hammer, Leslie; Black, Anne E.

In: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 23.04.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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