Objective: Expanded legal access to cannabis in the United States has led to its increased use for treating medical conditions. We assessed the use of and attitudes toward cannabis for treating gynecological conditions. Materials and Methods: We utilized Amazon.com Inc.'s Mechanic Turk platform to administer a survey to U.S. women 18 years and older about cannabis use for recreational and medicinal purposes and willingness to use cannabis to treat 17 gynecological conditions. We collected sociodemographic data and views about the legal status of cannabis. We used logistic regression to identify factors associated with willingness to use cannabis for gynecological conditions. Results: In our analytical sample (N = 995), women who reported ever using cannabis were more willing to use cannabis to treat a gynecological condition compared with never users (91.6% vs. 64.6%, p < 0.01). Women willing to use cannabis for gynecological conditions were most interested in using cannabis for treating gynecological pain (61.2% of never users vs. 90.0% of ever users; p < 0.001) compared with procedural pain (38.2% vs. 79.0%, respectively; p < 0.001) or other conditions (38.0% vs. 79.8%, respectively; p < 0.001). In multivariate analysis, willingness to use cannabis for a gynecological condition was associated only with a history of ever using cannabis and views that cannabis should be legal in some capacity and not by age, race, or education. Conclusions: The majority of women would consider using cannabis to treat gynecological conditions. Overall, respondents who had a history of cannabis use were more likely to report willingness to use cannabis for all gynecological conditions, but a large proportion of those who reported never using cannabis were also willing to use it.
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