Whole-chromosome arm acquired uniparental disomy in cancer development is a consequence of isochromosome formation

Musaffe Tuna, Christopher I. Amos, Gordon B. Mills

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Using SNP-based microarray data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), we investigated isochromosomes (deletion of one arm and duplication of the other arm) and related acquired uniparental disomy in 12 tumor types. We observed a high frequency of isochromosomes (25.98%) across all type of tumors except thyroid cancers. The highest frequency of isochromosomes was found in lung squamous cell carcinoma (54.18%). Moreover, whole-chromosome arm acquired uniparental disomy (aUPD) was common in the deleted arms of isochromosomes. These data are consistent with whole-chromosome arm aUPD likely being a consequence of isochromosomes formation. Our findings implicated aUPD as occurring through error-prone DNA repair of a deleted arm or segment of a chromosome that leads to homozygosity for existing alterations. Isochromosomes were significantly more frequent in TP53 mutated samples than wild types in 6 types of tumors with loss of TP53 function potentially contributing to development of isochromosomes. Isochromosomes are common alterations in cancer, and losing one arm of a chromosome could result in duplication of the lost arm. Duplication of the remaining arm leads promulgation of the effects on any defects in the remaining allele, due to subsequent homozygosity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9-17
Number of pages9
JournalNeoplasia (United States)
Volume25
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acquired uniparental disomy
  • Cancers
  • DNA double-strand breaks
  • Isochromosomes
  • TP53
  • Whole-chromosome arm

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research

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