What neighborhood area captures built environment features related to adolescent physical activity?

Janne Boone-Heinonen, Barry M. Popkin, Yan Song, Penny Gordon-Larsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

66 Scopus citations

Abstract

In research investigating built environment (BE) influences on physical activity (PA), inconsistent neighborhood definitions may contribute to inconsistent findings. Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Wave I; 1994-95), we compared associations between moderate-vigorous PA (MVPA) and PA facility counts and street connectivity measures (intersection density and link:node ratio) within 1, 3, 5, and 8.05 km of each respondent's residence (Euclidean neighborhood buffers). BE-MVPA associations varied by BE characteristic, urbanicity, and sex. PA facilities within 3 km buffers and intersection density within 1 km buffers exhibited the most consistent associations with MVPA. Policy recommendations and corresponding research should address potential differences in relevant neighborhood areas across environment feature and population subgroup.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1280-1286
Number of pages7
JournalHealth and Place
Volume16
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2010

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Environment design
  • Epidemiology
  • Modifiable areal unit problem
  • Neighborhood definition
  • Physical activity
  • United States

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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