'Well-differentiated' lymphocytic neoplasms. Immunologic findings correlated with clinical presentation and morphologic features

L. J. Medeiros, J. G. Strickler, L. J. Picker, A. B. Gelb, L. M. Weiss, R. A. Warnke

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Abstract

The authors studied 48 cases of well-differentiated lymphocytic neoplasms using a panel of monoclonal antibodies applied to frozen sections. Forty-seven tumors expressed monotypic immunoglobulin, one or more B-lineage antigens, and Ia (HLA-DR) antigen. Proliferation centers expressed the T9 antigen and increased numbers of Ki-67-positive cells. One tumor was of T-cell origin, had a cytotoxic/suppressor cell phenotype, and showed anomalous loss of Leu-1 antigen. Immunophenotypic findings were correlated to the clinical presentation and morphologic features of each neoplasm. Sixteen tumors were associated with peripheral lymphocytosis (>4000/cu mm), 13 biopsies were obtained from extranodal sites, 16 tumors had proliferation centers, and 11 neoplasms had plasmacytoid features. The authors found no absolute and few statistically significant immunologic differences between the B-cell tumors according to their clinical presentation or morphologic features. Tumors associated with peripheral lymphocytosis more commonly expressed the Leu-1 antigen (P<0.01) and IgD (P<0.01) and less frequently were stained by BA-2 (P<0.05) and OKT9 (P<0.05). Plasmacytoid neoplasms more frequently expressed the Tac (P<0.01) and T9 antigens (P<0.05), and all expressed kappa light chain (P<0.05). Extranodal neoplasms more commonly expressed IgM (P<0.01). In contrast to the markedly different clinical presentation and morphologic appearance these tumors may have, the immunologic data suggest that B-cell small lymphocytic neoplasms are relatively homogeneous. For an individual case, immunophenotype does not predict clinical presentation or morphologic features.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)523-535
Number of pages13
JournalAmerican Journal of Pathology
Volume129
Issue number3
StatePublished - Dec 1 1987

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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