V1-type vasopressin receptors in rat brain septum: Binding characteristics and effects on inositol phospholipid metabolism

L. M. Shewey, D. M. Dorsa

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Abstract

Specific binding sites for 3H-arginine8-vasopressin (AVP) have been characterized in rat septal membranes. Scatchard analyses revealed a single class of high-affinity binding sites having an equilibrium dissociation constant of 1.7 ± 0.3 nM and total binding capacity of 22.6 ± 4.2 fmol/mg protein. Binding displacement studies with peptide analogs of AVP indicate that this binding site is similar to the V1 (pressor)-type receptor for AVP. When added to rat brain septal slices that had been prelabeled with 3H-myo-inositol, vasopressin stimulated the accumulation of 3H-inositol-1-phosphate (IP1) in the presence of 7 mM lithium. This effect was dose dependent with maximal stimulation (65% over basal) occurring at a concentration of 0.5 μM AVP. Higher concentrations, however, tended to inhibit phosphoinositide hydrolysis. The vasopressin-stimulated accumulation of 3H-IP1 was completely inhibited by the vasopressin V1 antagonist, d(CH2)5[Tyr(Me)2]AVP, in a concentration-dependent manner. Oxytocin, at concentrations of 10-8 and 10-5 M, only slightly increased 3H-IP1 accumulation (17-20% over basal). In contrast, the V2 agonist deamino-D-arginine vasopressin (dDAVP), failed to produce significant stimulation of 3H-IP1 accumulation, even at high concentrations. The effects of these analogs on phosphoinositide hydrolysis is consistent with their potencies in displacing 3H-AVP from septal binding sites. These results indicate that vasopressin stimulates hydrolysis of inositol phospholipids in rat brain septum through an interaction with V1-type vasopressin receptors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1671-1677
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume8
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jan 1 1988

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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