Volumetric stress-strain analysis of optohydrodynamically suspended biological cells

Sean Kohles, Yu Liang, Asit K. Saha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ongoing investigations are exploring the biomechanical properties of isolated and suspended biological cells in pursuit of understanding single-cell mechanobiology. An optical tweezer with minimal applied laser power has positioned biologic cells at the geometric center of a microfluidic cross-junction, creating a novel optohydrodynamic trap. The resulting fluid flow environment facilitates unique multiaxial loading of single cells with site-specific normal and shear stresses resulting in a physical albeit extensional state. A recent two-dimensional analysis has explored the cytoskeletal strain response due to these fluid-induced stresses [Wilson and Kohles, 2010, "Two-Dimensional Modeling of Nanomechanical Stresses-Strains in Healthy and Diseased Single-Cells During Microfluidic Manipulation," J Nanotechnol Eng Med, 1(2), p. 021005]. Results described a microfluidic environment having controlled nanometer and piconewton resolution. In this present study, computational fluid dynamics combined with multiphysics modeling has further characterized the applied fluid stress environment and the solid cellular strain response in three dimensions to accompany experimental cell stimulation. A volumetric stress-strain analysis was applied to representative living cell biomechanical data. The presented normal and shear stress surface maps will guide future microfluidic experiments as well as provide a framework for characterizing cytoskeletal structure influencing the stress to strain response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number011004
JournalJournal of Biomechanical Engineering
Volume133
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 22 2010

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Microfluidics
Shear stress
Optical tweezers
Fluids
Optical Tweezers
Biophysics
Controlled Environment
Flow of fluids
Computational fluid dynamics
Hydrodynamics
Cells
Lasers
Experiments

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

Volumetric stress-strain analysis of optohydrodynamically suspended biological cells. / Kohles, Sean; Liang, Yu; Saha, Asit K.

In: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, Vol. 133, No. 1, 011004, 22.12.2010.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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