Viral inhibition of MHC class II antigen presentation

Nagendra R. Hegde, Mathieu S. Chevalier, David C. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

66 Scopus citations

Abstract

CD4+ T cells can recognize antigens expressed in virus-infected cells and act cytolytically, to produce antiviral cytokines or to co-ordinate antiviral immune responses. Viruses escape detection by CD4+ T cells by at least two mechanisms. First, and perhaps foremost, viruses inhibit induction of the expression of MHC class II genes by blocking interferon-γ (IFN-γ) signal transduction and expression of the MHC class II transactivator (CIITA). Second, viruses inhibit the MHC class II antigen presentation pathway by affecting the stability or intracellular sorting of class II proteins. It appears that this viral inhibition is designed to prevent presentation of endogenous viral antigens in virus-infected host cells, rather than presentation of exogenous antigens in 'professional' antigen-presenting cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)278-285
Number of pages8
JournalTrends in Immunology
Volume24
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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