Vertigo, disequilibrium, and dizziness

Joel A. Goebel, Timothy Hullar

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Due to the complexity of the balance mechanism in the human body, a variety of systemic diseases can create a sense of dizziness or imbalance. In order to maintain postural control and gaze stability, the body employs sensory input, central integration, and motor output to create appropriate responses to changes in the visual world and support surface. Accordingly, diseases that alter or destroy one or more sensory inputs to the brain, interfere with brainstem and cortical integration and formulation of motor commands, or interrupt motor responses will result in postural or visual instability. The critical feature for localizing the site of lesion in such patients is a thorough history of the nature of the problem and a comprehensive balance examination.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHead and Neck Manifestations of Systemic Disease
PublisherCRC Press
Pages369-378
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781420017564
ISBN (Print)9780849340505
StatePublished - Jan 1 2007
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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  • Cite this

    Goebel, J. A., & Hullar, T. (2007). Vertigo, disequilibrium, and dizziness. In Head and Neck Manifestations of Systemic Disease (pp. 369-378). CRC Press.