ACTH secretion is primarily controlled by hypothalamic secretion of corticotropin releasing factor (CRF) into pituitary portal blood. However arginine vasopressin (AVP) and oxytocin (OT) can modulate the actions of CRF and at times may be important mediators of stress-induced ACTH secretion. The relative contributions of CRF, AVP, and OT to the control of ACTH secretion vary with different types of stress. In general, AVP stimulates ACTH secretion in all species studied. OT also stimulates ACTH release in rats but is inhibitory in primates. The involvement of AVP and OT in the control of ACTH secretion may have important implications for physiological and pathological conditions associated with activation of the hypothalamo - hypophysial - adrenal cortical axis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
- Psychiatry and Mental health
- Biological Psychiatry