Variations in pulp volume between normotensive and hypertensive individuals on CBCT imaging

Amanda Farias Gomes, Saulo L. Sousa Melo, Yuri Nejaim, Francisco Carlos Groppo, Fabrício B. Teixeira, Deborah Queiroz Freitas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: To compare the pulp volume of individuals with altered and normal systemic blood pressure (BP) in order to verify if high BP promotes dimensional modifications in the pulp space. Materials and methods: Cone beam computed tomography scans of 91 patients (49 females and 42 males, mean age 31.7 ± 6.38 years) who had a healthy maxillary canine were selected. Values of arterial BP measured at two dental visits were used to classify the sample as normal BP (< 130 × 80 mmHg) and altered BP (≥ 130 × 80 mmHg); 49 patients had normal BP and 42 had altered BP. One oral radiologist evaluated each patient’s pulp and tooth volumes, using semi-automatic segmentation, and the tooth length. Data were submitted to Student’s t test and logistic regression, with a significance level of 5% (p < 0.05). Results: Pulp volume (p = 0.0027), pulp volume/tooth volume (p = 0.0013), and pulp volume/tooth length (p = 0.0007) ratios were greater in the altered BP group. Conversely, there was no difference in tooth volume between the groups (p = 0.0697). A logistic regression model (p = 0.0002) using pulp volume and age enabled the development of a formula for predicting altered BP, with 68% accuracy. Conclusions: Individuals with altered systemic BP have greater pulp volumes than those with normal BP. The formula developed in this study may indicate the presence of altered BP. Clinical relevance: As arterial hypertension is a silent disease that produces no warning signs or symptoms, identification of modifications in the pulp volume in cone beam computed tomography scans may be an adjuvant sign of the diagnosis of this disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4069-4076
Number of pages8
JournalClinical oral investigations
Volume24
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2020

Keywords

  • Arterial pressure
  • Cone beam computed tomography
  • Dental pulp
  • Microcirculation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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