To investigate the hypothesis that the release of angiotensin-II (AII) in the rat brain increases on the day of proestrus, samples of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and interstitial fluid from the general region of the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis pars ventralis in the preoptic-anterior hypothalamic area were monitored for AII-immunoreactive material (AII-ir) using push-pull cannulas. Samples of CSF were obtained on the day of proestrus and diestrus day 1 at 30-min intervals from 1200 1600 h. Samples of interstitial fluid were obtained at 25-min intervals from 0930-1600 h. The rate of release of AII-ir into CSF was significantly greater on proestrus compared to diestrus day 1, and in the early afternoon of proestrus compared to the late afternoon. In five of seven rats and in the overall comparison of AII-ir release from the preoptic-anterior hypothalamic area, significantly more AII- ir was released on the day of proestrus vs. diestrus day 1. These observations are consistent with previous studies suggesting that brain AII may play a role in the regulation of LH release on the day of proestrus.
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