Value of preoperative prothrombin time/partial thromboplastin time as a predictor of postoperative hemorrhage in pediatric patients undergoing tonsillectomy

R. C. Howells, Mark Wax, H. H. Ramadan

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77 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Hemorrhage after tonsillectomy is a potentially lethal complication. Preoperative assessment consisting of prothrombin time (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (PTT) has been used to identify patients at risk for hemorrhage after tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy. We sought to assess the value of PT/PTT screening as a predictor of posttonsillectomy hemorrhage. DESIGN: A retrospective chaff review was carried out with a minimum of 1 month follow-up. SETTING: Tertiary academic referral center. PATIENTS: Between January 1992 and June 1995, 382 patients undergoing tonsillectomy were examined; 339 patients with a minimum of 1 month follow-up were reviewed for this study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Normal and prolonged PT/PTT values were examined. Bleeding in the intraoperative, immediate postoperative, and delayed phases of healing was examined. RESULTS: Two-hundred and twenty-two patients had normal PT/PTT, 39 had prolonged PT/PTT, and 78 had no preoperative studies performed. Bleeding occurred in 2.7%, 2.6%, and 3.3%, respectively, of patients. Eight patients had positive family histories of bleeding tendencies. One patient (12.5%) with a normal PT/PTT experienced a delayed posttonsillectomy bleed. Of 39 patients with abnormal coagulation studies, 30 were borderline elevations with no repeat studies done; one patient experienced postoperative hemorrhage. Nine abnormal results were repeated; three returned to normal, three remained prolonged but underwent tonsillectomy with no intervention, and three received hematology consultations. One patient had lupus anticoagulant, one had Hageman Factor deficiency, and one was cleared for surgery with no diagnosis. All patients underwent tonsillectomy with no episodes of postoperative bleeding. CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative PT/PTT provides no additional information than does a bleeding history for the general pediatric population undergoing tonsillectomy. This should only be done in selective cases where warranted by history.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)628-632
Number of pages5
JournalOtolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
Volume117
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

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Postoperative Hemorrhage
Tonsillectomy
Partial Thromboplastin Time
Prothrombin Time
Pediatrics
Hemorrhage
Factor XII Deficiency
Adenoidectomy
Lupus Coagulation Inhibitor
Hematology
Tertiary Care Centers
Referral and Consultation
History

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

Cite this

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title = "Value of preoperative prothrombin time/partial thromboplastin time as a predictor of postoperative hemorrhage in pediatric patients undergoing tonsillectomy",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: Hemorrhage after tonsillectomy is a potentially lethal complication. Preoperative assessment consisting of prothrombin time (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (PTT) has been used to identify patients at risk for hemorrhage after tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy. We sought to assess the value of PT/PTT screening as a predictor of posttonsillectomy hemorrhage. DESIGN: A retrospective chaff review was carried out with a minimum of 1 month follow-up. SETTING: Tertiary academic referral center. PATIENTS: Between January 1992 and June 1995, 382 patients undergoing tonsillectomy were examined; 339 patients with a minimum of 1 month follow-up were reviewed for this study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Normal and prolonged PT/PTT values were examined. Bleeding in the intraoperative, immediate postoperative, and delayed phases of healing was examined. RESULTS: Two-hundred and twenty-two patients had normal PT/PTT, 39 had prolonged PT/PTT, and 78 had no preoperative studies performed. Bleeding occurred in 2.7{\%}, 2.6{\%}, and 3.3{\%}, respectively, of patients. Eight patients had positive family histories of bleeding tendencies. One patient (12.5{\%}) with a normal PT/PTT experienced a delayed posttonsillectomy bleed. Of 39 patients with abnormal coagulation studies, 30 were borderline elevations with no repeat studies done; one patient experienced postoperative hemorrhage. Nine abnormal results were repeated; three returned to normal, three remained prolonged but underwent tonsillectomy with no intervention, and three received hematology consultations. One patient had lupus anticoagulant, one had Hageman Factor deficiency, and one was cleared for surgery with no diagnosis. All patients underwent tonsillectomy with no episodes of postoperative bleeding. CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative PT/PTT provides no additional information than does a bleeding history for the general pediatric population undergoing tonsillectomy. This should only be done in selective cases where warranted by history.",
author = "Howells, {R. C.} and Mark Wax and Ramadan, {H. H.}",
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doi = "10.1016/S0194-5998(97)70044-5",
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T1 - Value of preoperative prothrombin time/partial thromboplastin time as a predictor of postoperative hemorrhage in pediatric patients undergoing tonsillectomy

AU - Howells, R. C.

AU - Wax, Mark

AU - Ramadan, H. H.

PY - 1997

Y1 - 1997

N2 - OBJECTIVE: Hemorrhage after tonsillectomy is a potentially lethal complication. Preoperative assessment consisting of prothrombin time (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (PTT) has been used to identify patients at risk for hemorrhage after tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy. We sought to assess the value of PT/PTT screening as a predictor of posttonsillectomy hemorrhage. DESIGN: A retrospective chaff review was carried out with a minimum of 1 month follow-up. SETTING: Tertiary academic referral center. PATIENTS: Between January 1992 and June 1995, 382 patients undergoing tonsillectomy were examined; 339 patients with a minimum of 1 month follow-up were reviewed for this study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Normal and prolonged PT/PTT values were examined. Bleeding in the intraoperative, immediate postoperative, and delayed phases of healing was examined. RESULTS: Two-hundred and twenty-two patients had normal PT/PTT, 39 had prolonged PT/PTT, and 78 had no preoperative studies performed. Bleeding occurred in 2.7%, 2.6%, and 3.3%, respectively, of patients. Eight patients had positive family histories of bleeding tendencies. One patient (12.5%) with a normal PT/PTT experienced a delayed posttonsillectomy bleed. Of 39 patients with abnormal coagulation studies, 30 were borderline elevations with no repeat studies done; one patient experienced postoperative hemorrhage. Nine abnormal results were repeated; three returned to normal, three remained prolonged but underwent tonsillectomy with no intervention, and three received hematology consultations. One patient had lupus anticoagulant, one had Hageman Factor deficiency, and one was cleared for surgery with no diagnosis. All patients underwent tonsillectomy with no episodes of postoperative bleeding. CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative PT/PTT provides no additional information than does a bleeding history for the general pediatric population undergoing tonsillectomy. This should only be done in selective cases where warranted by history.

AB - OBJECTIVE: Hemorrhage after tonsillectomy is a potentially lethal complication. Preoperative assessment consisting of prothrombin time (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (PTT) has been used to identify patients at risk for hemorrhage after tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy. We sought to assess the value of PT/PTT screening as a predictor of posttonsillectomy hemorrhage. DESIGN: A retrospective chaff review was carried out with a minimum of 1 month follow-up. SETTING: Tertiary academic referral center. PATIENTS: Between January 1992 and June 1995, 382 patients undergoing tonsillectomy were examined; 339 patients with a minimum of 1 month follow-up were reviewed for this study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Normal and prolonged PT/PTT values were examined. Bleeding in the intraoperative, immediate postoperative, and delayed phases of healing was examined. RESULTS: Two-hundred and twenty-two patients had normal PT/PTT, 39 had prolonged PT/PTT, and 78 had no preoperative studies performed. Bleeding occurred in 2.7%, 2.6%, and 3.3%, respectively, of patients. Eight patients had positive family histories of bleeding tendencies. One patient (12.5%) with a normal PT/PTT experienced a delayed posttonsillectomy bleed. Of 39 patients with abnormal coagulation studies, 30 were borderline elevations with no repeat studies done; one patient experienced postoperative hemorrhage. Nine abnormal results were repeated; three returned to normal, three remained prolonged but underwent tonsillectomy with no intervention, and three received hematology consultations. One patient had lupus anticoagulant, one had Hageman Factor deficiency, and one was cleared for surgery with no diagnosis. All patients underwent tonsillectomy with no episodes of postoperative bleeding. CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative PT/PTT provides no additional information than does a bleeding history for the general pediatric population undergoing tonsillectomy. This should only be done in selective cases where warranted by history.

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