Heart failure (HF) with preserved ejection fraction (EF) has a high prevalence in the geriatric population, and this cohort may be at risk of complications caused by polypharmacy. Effects of commonly used cardiac medications on long-term survival of patients >80 years with HF and preserved left ventricular EF were assessed. One hundred forty-two patients were evaluated. During a 5-year follow-up, 98 patients died (69%). There were no significant differences in baseline parameters in patients who died compared with those who survived at 5 years. None of the drug therapies appeared to make a significant difference in long-term survival, including β blockers (p = 0.89), angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin II receptor blockers (p = 0.91), calcium channel blockers (p = 0.69), diuretics (p = 0.30), digoxin (p = 0.22), and statins (p = 0.32). In conclusion, based on the present data, it appears that use of certain common cardiac medications may not be associated with a significant effect on long-term survival in octogenarians with HF and preserved EF.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine