Valproic acid modulates platelet and coagulation function ex vivo

Ted Bambakidis, Simone E. Dekker, Ihab Halaweish, Baoling Liu, Vahagn C. Nikolian, Patrick E. Georgoff, Patryk Piascik, Yongqing Li, Martin Sillesen, Hasan B. Alam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Trauma-induced coagulopathy is associated with adverse patient outcome. Animal models demonstrate that histone deacetylase inhibitors, such as valproic acid (VPA), improve survival following injury. While in-vivo data suggest that improved survival may in part be because of an attenuation of coagulopathy, it remains unknown whether this is a direct effect of the drug, or the establishment of an overall prosurvival phenotype. We thus conducted an ex-vivo experiment to determine if VPA has an effect on coagulation and platelet function. Ten swine were subjected to traumatic brain injury (TBI) and hemorrhagic shock (HS). Blood samples were drawn prior to TBIRHS insult (Healthy group) and 2 h following TBIRHS (Shock group). Samples were incubated with VPA or vehicle controls for 1 h. Platelet aggregation was analyzed via impedance aggregometry and coagulation was measured using thromboelastography. Addition of VPA to the healthy blood did not affect platelet aggregation or coagulation parameters. In shock blood, incubation with VPA significantly reduced collagen-(PU0.050), arachidonic acid-(PU0.005), and adenosine diphosphate-(PU0.023) induced platelet aggregation. VPA also significantly increased the clot strength (PU0.002) and clot formation rate (PU0.011). This is the first study to investigate the effect of VPA on platelet function ex vivo. Our results suggest that VPA has no effect on normal blood, but it decreases platelet activation and improves clot dynamics (strength and rate of formation) in blood from shocked animals. This suggests that VPA is capable of exerting a selective platelet sparing effect while enhancing the clot integrity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)479-484
Number of pages6
JournalBlood Coagulation and Fibrinolysis
Volume28
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Coagulopathy
  • Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors
  • Platelets
  • Shock
  • Traumatic Brain Injury
  • Valproic Acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Valproic acid modulates platelet and coagulation function ex vivo'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this