Utterance units in spoken dialogue

David R. Traum, Peter A. Heeman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

In order to make spoken dialogue systems more sophisticated, designers need to better understand the conventions that people use in structuring their speech and in interacting with their fellow conversants. In particular, it is crucial to discriminate the basic building blocks of dialogue and how they affect the way people process language. Many researchers have proposed the utterance unit as the primary object of study, but defining exactly what this is has remained a difficult issue. To shed light on this question, we consider grounding behavior in dialogue, and examine co-occurrences between turn-initial grounding acts and utterance unit boundary signals that have been proposed in the literature, namely prosodic boundary tones and pauses. Preliminary results indicate high correlation between grounding and boundary tones, with a secondary correlation for longer pauses. We also consider some of the dialogue processing issues which are impacted by a definition of utterance unit.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationDialogue Processing in Spoken Language Systems - ECAI 1996 Workshop, Revised Papers
EditorsElisabeth Maier, Marion Mast, Susann LuperFoy
PublisherSpringer-Verlag
Pages125-140
Number of pages16
ISBN (Print)3540631755, 9783540631750
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes
EventEuropean Conference on Artificial Intelligence, ECAI 1996, Workshop on Dialogue Processing in Spoken Language Systems, 1996 - Budapest, Hungary
Duration: Aug 13 1996Aug 13 1996

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume1236
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Other

OtherEuropean Conference on Artificial Intelligence, ECAI 1996, Workshop on Dialogue Processing in Spoken Language Systems, 1996
CountryHungary
CityBudapest
Period8/13/968/13/96

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)

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