Utterance units in spoken dialogue

David R. Traum, Peter Heeman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In order to make spoken dialogue systems more sophisticated, designers need to better understand the conventions that people use in structuring their speech and in interacting with their fellow conversants. In particular, it is crucial to discriminate the basic building blocks of dialogue and how they affect the way people process language. Many researchers have proposed the utterance unit as the primary object of study, but defining exactly what this is has remained a difficult issue. To shed light on this question, we consider grounding behavior in dialogue, and examine co-occurrences between turn-initial grounding acts and utterance unit boundary signals that have been proposed in the literature, namely prosodic boundary tones and pauses. Preliminary results indicate high correlation between grounding and boundary tones, with a secondary correlation for longer pauses. We also consider some of the dialogue processing issues which are impacted by a definition of utterance unit.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Pages125-140
Number of pages16
Volume1236
ISBN (Print)3540631755, 9783540631750
StatePublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes
EventEuropean Conference on Artificial Intelligence, ECAI 1996, Workshop on Dialogue Processing in Spoken Language Systems, 1996 - Budapest, Hungary
Duration: Aug 13 1996Aug 13 1996

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume1236
ISSN (Print)03029743
ISSN (Electronic)16113349

Other

OtherEuropean Conference on Artificial Intelligence, ECAI 1996, Workshop on Dialogue Processing in Spoken Language Systems, 1996
CountryHungary
CityBudapest
Period8/13/968/13/96

Fingerprint

Electric grounding
Unit
What is this
Spoken Dialogue Systems
Building Blocks
Processing
Dialogue

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Theoretical Computer Science

Cite this

Traum, D. R., & Heeman, P. (1997). Utterance units in spoken dialogue. In Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) (Vol. 1236, pp. 125-140). (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); Vol. 1236). Springer Verlag.

Utterance units in spoken dialogue. / Traum, David R.; Heeman, Peter.

Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics). Vol. 1236 Springer Verlag, 1997. p. 125-140 (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); Vol. 1236).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Traum, DR & Heeman, P 1997, Utterance units in spoken dialogue. in Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics). vol. 1236, Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), vol. 1236, Springer Verlag, pp. 125-140, European Conference on Artificial Intelligence, ECAI 1996, Workshop on Dialogue Processing in Spoken Language Systems, 1996, Budapest, Hungary, 8/13/96.
Traum DR, Heeman P. Utterance units in spoken dialogue. In Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics). Vol. 1236. Springer Verlag. 1997. p. 125-140. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)).
Traum, David R. ; Heeman, Peter. / Utterance units in spoken dialogue. Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics). Vol. 1236 Springer Verlag, 1997. pp. 125-140 (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)).
@inproceedings{79bd000345974f64b89d568be9f065ac,
title = "Utterance units in spoken dialogue",
abstract = "In order to make spoken dialogue systems more sophisticated, designers need to better understand the conventions that people use in structuring their speech and in interacting with their fellow conversants. In particular, it is crucial to discriminate the basic building blocks of dialogue and how they affect the way people process language. Many researchers have proposed the utterance unit as the primary object of study, but defining exactly what this is has remained a difficult issue. To shed light on this question, we consider grounding behavior in dialogue, and examine co-occurrences between turn-initial grounding acts and utterance unit boundary signals that have been proposed in the literature, namely prosodic boundary tones and pauses. Preliminary results indicate high correlation between grounding and boundary tones, with a secondary correlation for longer pauses. We also consider some of the dialogue processing issues which are impacted by a definition of utterance unit.",
author = "Traum, {David R.} and Peter Heeman",
year = "1997",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "3540631755",
volume = "1236",
series = "Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)",
publisher = "Springer Verlag",
pages = "125--140",
booktitle = "Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Utterance units in spoken dialogue

AU - Traum, David R.

AU - Heeman, Peter

PY - 1997

Y1 - 1997

N2 - In order to make spoken dialogue systems more sophisticated, designers need to better understand the conventions that people use in structuring their speech and in interacting with their fellow conversants. In particular, it is crucial to discriminate the basic building blocks of dialogue and how they affect the way people process language. Many researchers have proposed the utterance unit as the primary object of study, but defining exactly what this is has remained a difficult issue. To shed light on this question, we consider grounding behavior in dialogue, and examine co-occurrences between turn-initial grounding acts and utterance unit boundary signals that have been proposed in the literature, namely prosodic boundary tones and pauses. Preliminary results indicate high correlation between grounding and boundary tones, with a secondary correlation for longer pauses. We also consider some of the dialogue processing issues which are impacted by a definition of utterance unit.

AB - In order to make spoken dialogue systems more sophisticated, designers need to better understand the conventions that people use in structuring their speech and in interacting with their fellow conversants. In particular, it is crucial to discriminate the basic building blocks of dialogue and how they affect the way people process language. Many researchers have proposed the utterance unit as the primary object of study, but defining exactly what this is has remained a difficult issue. To shed light on this question, we consider grounding behavior in dialogue, and examine co-occurrences between turn-initial grounding acts and utterance unit boundary signals that have been proposed in the literature, namely prosodic boundary tones and pauses. Preliminary results indicate high correlation between grounding and boundary tones, with a secondary correlation for longer pauses. We also consider some of the dialogue processing issues which are impacted by a definition of utterance unit.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84949187345&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84949187345&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:84949187345

SN - 3540631755

SN - 9783540631750

VL - 1236

T3 - Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)

SP - 125

EP - 140

BT - Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)

PB - Springer Verlag

ER -