Utility of the injured trauma survivor screen to predict PTSD and depression during hospital admission

Joshua C. Hunt, Marty Sapp, Cindy Walker, Ann Marie Warren, Karen Brasel, Terri A. deRoon-Cassini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The brief, easily administered screen, the Injured Trauma Survivor Screen (ITSS) was created to identify trauma survivors at risk for development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. METHODS: An item pool of PTSD risk factors was created and given, along with a previously created screen, to patients admitted to two level 1 trauma centers. The Clinician Administered PTSD Scale for DSM-5, the PTSD Checklist for DSM-5, and the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale Revised were given during a one-month follow-up. 139 participants were included (n = 139; μ age = 41.06; 30.9% female; 47.5% White/Caucasian; 39.6% Black/African American; 10.1% Latino/Hispanic; 1.4%; American Indian; and 1.4% other). Stepwise bivariate logistic regression was used to determine items most strongly associated with PTSD and depression diagnosis one-month post injury. RESULTS: 40 participants met criteria for a PTSD diagnosis and 28 for depression at follow-up (22 comorbid). ROC curve analysis was used to determine sensitivity (PTSD = 75.00, Depression = 75.00), specificity (PTSD = 93.94, Depression = 95.5), NPV (PTSD = 90.3, Depression = 80.8) and PPV (PTSD = 83.3, Depression = 93.8) of the final nine item measure. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides evidence for the utility of a predictive screen, the ITSS, to predict which injured trauma survivors admitted to the hospital are at the most risk for developing symptoms of PTSD and depression one-month post injury. The ITSS is a short, easily administered tool that can aid in reducing the untreated cases of PTSD and depression. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Prognostic study, Level III.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Oct 25 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Utility of the injured trauma survivor screen to predict PTSD and depression during hospital admission'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this