Utility of nonselective abdominal aortography in demonstrating ovarian artery collaterals in patients undergoing uterine artery embolization for fibroids

C. A. Binkert, R. T. Andrews, J. A. Kaufman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

64 Scopus citations

Abstract

PURPOSE: To review the incidence of ovarian collateral supply to uterine fibroids as demonstrated by nonselective abdominal aortography before uterine artery embolization (UAE) and to evaluate the effect of such visualization on interventional management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The aortograms of 51 consecutive patients (mean age, 42.4 y; range, 30-53 y) undergoing UAE for symptomatic uterine fibroids were reviewed retrospectively for the visualization of ovarian arteries extending into the pelvis. If ovarian arteries were visualized, their size relative to the ipsilateral external iliac artery was measured. Arteries believed large enough to represent a significant blood supply to the uterine fibroids were further evaluated after UAE to determine whether flow persisted. RESULTS: In 13 of 51 patients (25%), a total of 18 ovarian arteries were identified. They were bilateral in five patients and unilateral in eight. Their sizes relative to the ipsilateral external iliac artery ranged from 8% to 57% (mean, 26%). Eight ovarian arteries with a relative size ≥25% were further evaluated. Five of the eight (62.5%) were not visible after UAE. Of the three persistent ovarian collateral arteries, two were successfully embolized. The patient with the untreated collateral artery experienced persistent menorrhagia. CONCLUSION: Preembolization aortography with the catheter tip at level of the renal arteries demonstrated ovarian collateral arteries in 25% of patients with uterine fibroids. However, their detection influenced treatment in only 6% of the reported cases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)841-845
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology
Volume12
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001

Keywords

  • Fibroid
  • Uterine arteries, embolization
  • Uterus, neoplasms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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