The squirrel monkey, a New World primate, has elevated plasma estradiol and progesterone concentrations compared to those in the cynomolgus macaque, an Old World primate. We previously reported that uterine progesterone receptor concentrations examined in ovariectomized squirrel monkeys 2 days after estrogen treatment were about one eighth those in identically treated cynomolgus macaques. To examine this in greater detail, we gave estradiol (10 μg/kgday) to ovariectomized squirrel and cynomolgus monkeys for various lengths of time (0,2,4,7, and 14 days), followed by measurement of uterine estrogen and progesterone receptors and assessment of endometrial histology (including glycogen and peroxidase stains), vaginal histology, and cytology. Endometrial and vaginal mor morphologies showed adequate estrogen effects, as did glycogen and peroxidase stains. Two days of treatment were sufficient to induce both estrogen and progesterone receptors to maximalbinding of [3H]moxestrol and [3H]R5020, respectively, in both species. Squirrel monkeys had about one third and one eighth the estrogen and progesterone uterine receptor concentrations, respectively, of cynomolgus monkeys. Receptor affinities in both species were similar.Neither [3H] moxestrol nor [3H]R5020 boundtouterine cytosols from untreated monkeys. We conclude that the increased plasma concentrations of estradiol and progesterone in the squirrel monkey compensate for the decreased estrogen and progesterone receptors in this species.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical