Use of research-based practices by oncology staff nurses.

D. N. Rutledge, P. Greene, K. Mooney, L. M. Nail, M. Ropka

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    32 Scopus citations


    PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To determine the extent to which oncology staff nurses adopted eight specific research-based practices and the impact of demographic and resource factors on adoption of these practices. DESIGN: Cross-sectional mail survey. SETTING: National. SAMPLE: 1,100. METHODS: Network sampling techniques: 2,000 Oncology Nursing Society (ONS) staff nurses were randomly and proportionally selected from seven practice setting categories; each ONS nurse was asked to recruit a non-ONS staff nurse colleague. Both groups completed the Oncology Nursing Practice Questionnaire, which measures adoption of eight research-based practices. MAIN RESEARCH VARIABLES: Extent of adoption, including awareness, persuasion, and implementation of eight specific practices; nurse demographics; and work-related resources. FINDINGS: Awareness was high, with 53%-96% of nurses reporting awareness of the eight practices. Overall, 28% were aware of all practices while 10% were aware of half or fewer. Less-aware nurses differed from other nurses in demographics and resources. Computed "extent of adoption" scores showed that almost 90% of aware nurses used seven of the practices at least sometimes. CONCLUSIONS: Oncology staff nurses with awareness of a practice were implementing the practice in their organization. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING PRACTICE: The findings establish a need for developing educational programs to enhance awareness of specific practices and to creatively reach nurses who are unlikely to seek programs outside their employing agencies.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1235-1244
    Number of pages10
    JournalOncology nursing forum
    Issue number8
    StatePublished - Sep 1 1996

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Oncology(nursing)


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