Use of genetic models of idiopathic hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism in mice and men to understand the mechanisms of disease

Margaret F. Lippincott, Cadence True, Stephanie B. Seminara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mutations in the genes encoding the neuropeptides kisspeptin and neurokinin B, as well as their receptors, are associated with gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) deficiency and a failure to initiate and/or progress through puberty. Although the total number of patients studied to date is small, mutations in the kisspeptin pathway appear to result in lifelong GnRH deficiency. Mice with mutations in kisspeptin and the kisspeptin receptor, Kiss1-/- and Kiss1r-/-, respectively, appear to be phenocopies of the human with abnormal sexual maturation and infertility. In contrast, mutations in the neurokinin B pathway lead to a more variable adult reproductive phenotype, with a subset of hypogonadotrophic individuals demonstrating paradoxical recovery of reproductive function later in life. While 'reversal' remains poorly understood, the ability to recover reproductive function indicates that neurokinin B may play different roles in the initiation of sexual maturation compared with the maintenance of adult reproductive function. Mice with mutations in the gene encoding the neurokinin B receptor, Tacr3, have abnormal oestrous cycles and subfertility but, similar to their human counterparts, appear less severely affected than mice with kisspeptin deficiency. Further investigations into the interaction between the kisspeptin and neurokinin B pathways will reveal key insights into how GnRH neuronal modulation occurs at puberty and throughout reproductive life.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1522-1527
Number of pages6
JournalExperimental physiology
Volume98
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2013
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Physiology (medical)

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