Use of customized polyetheretherketone (PEEK) implants in the reconstruction of complex maxillofacial defects

Michael M. Kim, Kofi D.O. Boahene, Patrick J. Byrne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Scopus citations

Abstract

Extensive maxillofacial defects resulting from trauma or oncologic resection present reconstructive challenges. Various autografts and alloplastic materials in conjunction with standard soft-tissue techniques have been used in the reconstruction of these types of defects. Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) is a semicrystalline polyaromatic linear polymer exhibiting an excellent combination of strength, stiffness, durability, and environmental resistance. Recent investigations of PEEK as a biomaterial resulted in the successful treatment of cervical disk disease. We describe a series of 4 patients whose defects were reconstructed using customized PEEK implants. All had excellent postoperative aesthetic and functional results without complications such as infections or extrusions. Because PEEK implants are customizable, easily workable, inert, and nonporous, they represent an ideal alloplastic material for maxillofacial reconstruction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)53-57
Number of pages5
JournalArchives of Facial Plastic Surgery
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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