Use of commercially available cell culture inserts for primary culture and electrophysiologic studies of guinea pig gastric mucous epithelial cells

Michael Rutten

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations


The adherence, growth, and electrophysiologic properties of guinea pig gastric mucous epithelial cells were investigated using porous membrane filters. We also tested three commercially available Ussing-type chambers that were designed to be used with the various porous membrane supports. Overall, the 0.45-μm Falcon-Cyclopore porous membrane was found to be very favorable for the consistent attachment and growth of our cells. This same filter also gave good results in the detection of periodic acid Schiff-positive mucous glycoprotein and Nile red neutral lipid fluorescence in the gastric mucous cells. Our cells grew poorly on collagen-coated Costar-Snapwells and Millipore Millicell-CM porous filters. For measurement of transepithelial potential difference resistance, and short-circuit current, the Costar-Snapwell with the Costar-Snapwell Diffusion-chamber system was superior in design and operation when compared to the Costar Transwell-COL, Falcon-Cyclopore, or Anotec-Anocell porous inserts used with conventional Ussing-chambers. The gastric mucous cells grew best on ICN-Cellagen membranes, but these filters routinely detached from their plastic holder and therefore could not be used for Ussing-chamber studies. The large 24.5-mm, 0.40-μm pore size Costar-Transwell-COL and the 24.1-mm, 0.45-μm Falcon-Cyclopore membranes gave good results when used in a modified horizontal-chamber for microelectrode analysis of membrane potentials and resistances of the gastric mucous cell monolayers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)235-245
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Tissue Culture Methods
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1992
Externally publishedYes



  • cell culture
  • gastric mucous cells
  • Nile red fluorescence
  • periodic acid Schiff histochemistry
  • permeable supports
  • Ussing chamber

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Anatomy

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