BACKGROUND: Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) is a viable technique for management of noncompressible torso hemorrhage. The major limitation of the current unilobed fully occlusive REBOA catheters is below-the-balloon ischemia-reperfusion complications. We hypothesized that partial aortic occlusion with a novel bilobed partial (p)REBOA-PRO would result in the need for less intraaortic balloon adjustments to maintain a distal goal perfusion pressure as compared with currently available unilobed ER-REBOA. METHODS: Anesthetized (40-50 kg) swine randomized to control (no intervention), ER-REBOA, or pREBOA-PRO underwent supraceliac aortic injury. The REBOA groups underwent catheter placement into zone 1 with initial balloon inflation to full occlusion for 10 minutes followed by gradual deflation to achieve and subsequently maintain half of the baseline below-the-balloon mean arterial pressure (MAP). Physiologic data and blood samples were collected at baseline and then hourly. At 4 hours, the animals were euthanized, total blood loss and urine output were recorded, and tissue samples were collected. RESULTS: Baseline physiologic data and basic laboratories were similar between groups. Compared with control, interventions similarly prolonged survival from a median of 18 minutes to over 240 minutes with comparable mortality trends. Blood loss was similar between partial ER-REBOA (41%) and pREBOA-PRO (51%). Partial pREBOA-PRO required a significantly lower number of intraaortic balloon adjustments (10 ER-REBOA vs. 3 pREBOA-PRO, p < 0.05) to maintain the target below-the-balloon MAP. The partial ER-REBOA group developed significantly increased hypercapnia, fibrin clot formation on TEG, liver inflammation, and IL-10 expression compared with pREBOA-PRO. CONCLUSION: In this highly lethal aortic injury model, use of bilobed pREBOA-PRO for a 4-hour partial aortic occlusion was logistically superior to unilobed ER-REBOA. It required less intraaortic balloon adjustments to maintain target MAP and resulted in less inflammation.
- Hemorrhage control
- Noncompressible truncal hemorrhage
- Partial REBOA
- Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine