Use of Adenosine to Identify Patients at Risk for Recurrence of Accessory Pathway Conduction After Initially Successful Radiofrequency Catheter Ablation

KIRK W. WALKER, MICHAEL J. SILKA, DAN HAUPT, JACK KRON, JOHN H. McANULTY, BLAIR D. HALPERIN

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: The use of adenosine after radiofrequency catheter ablation of accessory pathways was prospectively studied to determine its utility for identifying patients at risk for recurrence of accessory pathway conduction and to guide therapy that might reduce late recurrence in this group. Background: Accessory pathway conduction recursin 5%–12% of patients following initially “successful” radiofrequency catheter ablation. Adenosine may facilitate conduction over accessory pathways that have been modified by radiofrequency delivery, thus identifying patients at risk for recurrence. Methods: Radiofrequency catheter ablation was performed in 109 patients. Prior to ablation, 12–18 mg of adenosine was administered. After ablation, when all evidence of accessory pathway conduction remained absent for at least 30 minutes, adenosine 12–18 mg was again administered. Results: Adenosine given prior to radiofrequency catheter ablation did not block accessory pathway conduction in any patient. Adenosine given after elimination of accessory pathway conduction induced complete atrioventricular and ventriculoatrial block in 95 patients; 11 (11.6%) subsequently had recurrence of accessory pathway function. Accessory pathway conduction was unmasked by adenosine in 12 patients (11.2%). After further deliveries of radiofrequency energy, 7 of these 12 patients subsequently demonstrated adenosine induced atrioventricular and ventriculoatrial block; 1 of these 7 patients experienced recurrence of accessory pathway conduction. The remaining 5 patients demonstrated persistent accessory pathway conduction only with adenosine; all experienced clinical recurrence of accessory pathway function. Conclusion: The use of adenosine after presumed successful radiofrequency catheter ablation may reveal persistent accessory pathway conduction. Elimination of this latent accessory pathway conduction reduces the risk for recurrence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)441-446
Number of pages6
JournalPacing and Clinical Electrophysiology
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1995

Keywords

  • Wolff‐Parkinson‐White syndrome
  • adenosine
  • catheter ablation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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