Information about chemotherapy side effects and the efficacy of self-care activities used to deal with these side effects is needed to direct nursing interventions for patients receiving chemotherapy. Using the self-care diary (SCD) developed for this study, a sample of 49 adult patients with cancer recorded their side effects, rated the severity of each side effect, and reported on the use and efficacy of self-care activities two days after treatment. Data were collected again five days after treatment to examine the test-retest reliability of the side effect severity component of the SCD. The most common side effect, experienced by 81% of the subjects, was fatigue. Other side effects reported by more than one-third of the subjects were sleeping difficulty, nausea, decreased appetite, and changes in taste or smell. The most frequently reported side effects received mean severity scores indicative of moderate severity. The most commonly used self-care activities were rated as providing some relief to moderate relief of individual side effects. None of the reported self-care activities received mean efficacy ratings that indicated complete side effect relief.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Oncology nursing forum|
|State||Published - Jul 1 1991|
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