Use and impact of an automated telephone outreach system for asthma in a managed care setting

William M. Vollmer, Michael Kirshner, Dawn Peters, Alexendra Drane, Thomas Stibolt, Thomas Hickey, Gladys I. Tom, A (Sonia) Buist, Elizabeth A. O'Connor, E. Ann Frazier, David Mosen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To test the ability of an automated telephone outreach intervention to reduce acute healthcare utilization and improve quality of life among adult asthma patients in a large managed care organization. Study Design: Randomized clinical trial. Methods: Patients with persistent asthma were randomly assigned to telephone outreach (automated = 3389, live caller = 192) or usual care (n = 3367). Intervention participants received 3 outreach calls over a 10-month period. The intervention provided brief, supportive information and flagged individuals with poor asthma control for follow-up by a provider. A survey was mailed to 792 intervention participants and 236 providers after the intervention. Additional feedback was obtained as part of the final intervention contact. Results: The intent-to-treat analysis found no significant differences between the intervention and usual-care groups for medication use, healthcare utilization, asthma control, or quality of life. Post hoc analyses found that, compared with the control group, individuals who actually participated in the intervention were significantly more likely to use inhaled steroids and to have had a routine medical visit for asthma during the follow-up period and less likely to use short-acting β-agonists. They also reported higher satisfaction with their asthma care and better asthma-specific quality of life. Of surveyed providers, 59% stated the program helped them to clinically manage their asthma patients and 70% thought the program should be continued. Conclusions: This study did not find improved health outcomes in the primary analyses. The intervention was well accepted by providers, however, and the individuals who participated in the calls appeared to have benefited from them. These findings suggest that further studies of automated telephone outreach interventions seem warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)725-733
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Managed Care
Volume12
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2006

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telephone system
Managed Care Programs
Telephone
managed care
Asthma
Quality of Life
telephone
quality of life
Delivery of Health Care
Aptitude
utilization
Randomized Controlled Trials
Steroids
Organizations
medication
Control Groups
Group

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Medicine(all)
  • Health(social science)
  • Health Professions(all)

Cite this

Vollmer, W. M., Kirshner, M., Peters, D., Drane, A., Stibolt, T., Hickey, T., ... Mosen, D. (2006). Use and impact of an automated telephone outreach system for asthma in a managed care setting. American Journal of Managed Care, 12(12), 725-733.

Use and impact of an automated telephone outreach system for asthma in a managed care setting. / Vollmer, William M.; Kirshner, Michael; Peters, Dawn; Drane, Alexendra; Stibolt, Thomas; Hickey, Thomas; Tom, Gladys I.; Buist, A (Sonia); O'Connor, Elizabeth A.; Frazier, E. Ann; Mosen, David.

In: American Journal of Managed Care, Vol. 12, No. 12, 12.2006, p. 725-733.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Vollmer, WM, Kirshner, M, Peters, D, Drane, A, Stibolt, T, Hickey, T, Tom, GI, Buist, AS, O'Connor, EA, Frazier, EA & Mosen, D 2006, 'Use and impact of an automated telephone outreach system for asthma in a managed care setting', American Journal of Managed Care, vol. 12, no. 12, pp. 725-733.
Vollmer, William M. ; Kirshner, Michael ; Peters, Dawn ; Drane, Alexendra ; Stibolt, Thomas ; Hickey, Thomas ; Tom, Gladys I. ; Buist, A (Sonia) ; O'Connor, Elizabeth A. ; Frazier, E. Ann ; Mosen, David. / Use and impact of an automated telephone outreach system for asthma in a managed care setting. In: American Journal of Managed Care. 2006 ; Vol. 12, No. 12. pp. 725-733.
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