US experience will advance Gulf Ecosystem Research

Nabil Abdel-Jabbar, António M. Baptista, Tuomas Karna, Paul Turner, Gautam Sen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper addresses the vision and early steps of the cooperation between the Center for Coastal Margin Observation and Prediction (CMOP) in Oregon, United States and the emerging Gulf Ecosystems Research Center (GERC) at the American University of Sharjah, UAE. The cooperation focuses on a better understanding and ability to predict the Arabian Gulf as a complex ecosystem, and involves science, technology and training components. An ultimate goal is the development for the Gulf of a "collaboratory" inspired on the concepts of integration of observations, simulations and stakeholder needs developed by CMOP for the Columbia River coastal margin, in the Eastern North Pacific. An early phase of the cooperation addresses the development of a 3D numerical model for the Arabian Gulf water circulation. A very preliminary forecasting system has been developed at CMOP, and its skill will be systematically assessed and improved by GERC and CMOP over the next several years, with the progressive deployment of a targeted observation network. Preliminary products include the visualization of the salinity fields associated with various river plumes. The model used was SELFE (a Semiimplicit Eulerian-Lagrangian Finite-Element model for cross-scale ocean circulation), the same that is being used for the Gulf predictions. Exploratory simulations were made to assess the ability of simple grid refinement strategies and/or use of higher order numerical schemes in improving the representation of the complex dynamics of plumes, filaments (eddies) and upwelling in the continental shelf of the Eastern North Pacific, off the Columbia River. Results suggested the need for automated grid optimization strategies, which are currently in progress.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationGeo-Informatics in Resource Management and Sustainable Ecosystem - International Symposium, GRMSE 2013, Proceedings
PublisherSpringer-Verlag
Pages125-140
Number of pages16
ISBN (Print)9783642419072
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013
Event2013 International Conference on Geo-Informatics in Resource Management and Sustainable Ecosystem, GRMSE 2013 - Wuhan, China
Duration: Nov 8 2013Nov 10 2013

Publication series

NameCommunications in Computer and Information Science
Volume399 PART II
ISSN (Print)1865-0929

Other

Other2013 International Conference on Geo-Informatics in Resource Management and Sustainable Ecosystem, GRMSE 2013
CountryChina
CityWuhan
Period11/8/1311/10/13

Keywords

  • Arabian gulf
  • Columbia river
  • Eddies
  • EulerianLagrangian method
  • Filaments
  • Finite element
  • Mesh refinement
  • Model skill assessment
  • River plumes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Mathematics(all)

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  • Cite this

    Abdel-Jabbar, N., Baptista, A. M., Karna, T., Turner, P., & Sen, G. (2013). US experience will advance Gulf Ecosystem Research. In Geo-Informatics in Resource Management and Sustainable Ecosystem - International Symposium, GRMSE 2013, Proceedings (pp. 125-140). (Communications in Computer and Information Science; Vol. 399 PART II). Springer-Verlag. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-41908-9_13