Elimination urinaire de substances lithogènes chez des lithiasiques calciques hospitalisés. Signification physiopathologique et valeur pronostique.

Translated title of the contribution: Urinary excretion of lithogenic substances in hospitalized patients with calcium lithiasis. Physiopathologic meaning and prognostic value

J. Clavel, B. Lacour, M. Bruneau, J. B. Roullet, A. Ulmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The urinary excretion of various substances involved in kidney stone formation was evaluated in 67 patients with hypercalciuric lithiasis (HCl), 36 lithiasis patients with normal calciuria (NCl) and 21 controls without urinary stones. All subjects were hospitalized for 3 days and given a calcium, phosphorous and sodium-controlled diet. The 24-hour urine volume was significantly larger in the HCl and NCl groups than in controls. The 24-hour Ca, Na and uric acid excretion was significantly greater in the HCl group than in the NCl and control groups. Oxalate and pyrophosphate excretion was the same in all three groups. Urinary Ca correlated with urinary creatinine in the HCl and control groups, but the slope and ordinate of the regression line were significantly higher in the former group. Similarly, urinary Na correlated with urinary creatinine in the HCl and control groups with a significantly steeper slope in the HCl group. These data are suggestive of abnormalities in the tubular reabsorption of Ca and Na in HCl patients. Finally, there was no correlation between the values obtained and the activity of the disease, as evaluated by the finding of at least 3 urinary stones or one staghorn calculus during the 5 years preceding the study. It is concluded that measurements of Ca, Na, uric acid, creatine, oxalates and phosphates during a stay in hospital provide pathophysiological information but cannot be taken as indices of urolithiasis activity.

Translated title of the contributionUrinary excretion of lithogenic substances in hospitalized patients with calcium lithiasis. Physiopathologic meaning and prognostic value
Original languageFrench
Pages (from-to)27-30
Number of pages4
JournalPresse medicale (Paris, France : 1983)
Volume12
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 8 1983

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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