Upper-extremity arterial evaluations

Phong T. Dargon, Gregory L. Moneta

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    1 Scopus citations


    Upper-extremity ischemia is much less common than lower-extremity ischemia. There are diverse etiologies for upper-extremity ischemia, making the diagnosis challenging. A thorough history and physical examination coupled with noninvasive vascular laboratory studies are important in the diagnosis and treatment of these patients. Noninvasive examinations include duplex ultrasound, segmental arm pressures, digital pressures, arterial waveforms using photoplethysmography, and cold challenge testing. These are the tools that can help evaluate arterial stenosis, occlusion, aneurysm, hemodialysis access, Raynaud's syndrome, and arterial thoracic outlet syndrome.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)92-102
    Number of pages11
    JournalJournal for Vascular Ultrasound
    Issue number2
    StatePublished - Jun 2012

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
    • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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