Understanding physical activity in the group home setting

a qualitative inquiry

Alicia Dixon-Ibarra, Simon Driver, Kerri Vanderbom, Kathleen Humphries

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: Persons with intellectual disabilities have low physical activity levels and high rates of chronic disease. One predictor limitedly explored is the home environment, which could influence the type and amount of physical activity in this population. The purpose of this study is to qualitatively explore physical activity in the group home setting and determine what key stakeholders want from a physical activity programme. Method: This study adopted a qualitative descriptive design, using semistructured focus groups. Twenty stakeholders (i.e., residents with intellectual disability, support staff and programme coordinators) participated in one of three focus groups, separated by stakeholder status. Results: A number of factors emerged that would assist rehabilitation professionals in understanding physical activity within the group home setting. The following six meta-themes were identified: nature of residents’ physical activity, facilitators to physical activity, barriers to physical activity, personal factors, organizational factors and solutions to increase physical activity. Conclusions: Findings suggest that residents with intellectual disabilities have low physical activity and opportunities for participation. Key attributes of the group home setting were identified between barriers and facilitators to activity. Consideration for the development of physical activity programmes should focus on the unique needs of the group home setting as expressed by stakeholders.Implications for rehabilitationPhysical activity can improve physical fitness, function, and community participation yet physical activity remains low among adults with intellectual disabilities.Understanding physical activity within the group home setting is essential to develop targeted interventions to increase activity within that environment.Key barriers for physical activity within the group home setting include; operational priorities, limited staff, staff turnover, busy schedules, and staff attitudes towards physical activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalDisability and Rehabilitation
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Mar 18 2016

Fingerprint

Group Homes
Exercise
Intellectual Disability
Focus Groups
Attitude of Health Personnel
Architectural Accessibility
Physical Fitness
Disabled Persons

Keywords

  • Exercise
  • focus groups
  • health promotion
  • intellectual disability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation

Cite this

Understanding physical activity in the group home setting : a qualitative inquiry. / Dixon-Ibarra, Alicia; Driver, Simon; Vanderbom, Kerri; Humphries, Kathleen.

In: Disability and Rehabilitation, 18.03.2016, p. 1-10.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dixon-Ibarra, Alicia ; Driver, Simon ; Vanderbom, Kerri ; Humphries, Kathleen. / Understanding physical activity in the group home setting : a qualitative inquiry. In: Disability and Rehabilitation. 2016 ; pp. 1-10.
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