Uncoupling protein 2 modulates cell viability in adult rat cardiomyocytes

Natalya Bodyak, Debra L. Rigor, Yee Shiuan Chen, Yuchi Han, Egbert Bisping, William T. Pu, Peter M. Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

Uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2) is an inner mitochondrial membrane proton carrier that uncouples ATP synthesis. The aim of this study was to determine whether UCP2 plays a role in survival of adult rat cardiac myocytes. We first studied the effects of UCP2 overexpression in vitro. Overexpression of UCP2 in primary cardiomyocytes led to a significant decline in ATP level and the development of acidosis but had no observable effect on cell survival. When cardiomyocytes were challenged with hypoxia-reoxygenation, cells overexpressing UCP2 survived significantly less compared with control. This finding was associated with upregulation of proapoptotic protein Bcl-2 and 19-kDa interacting protein 3 (BNIP3). Furthermore, UCP2 short interfering RNA prevented both the increase in cell death and BNIP3 expression. To examine the in vivo role of UCP2 in the heart, we used the Dahl salt-sensitive rat heart-failure model. Northern blot analysis revealed that UCP2 mRNA level was significantly upregulated in rat heart failure along with BNIP3 protein level. In conclusion, UCP2 increases sensitivity of adult rat cardiac myocytes to hypoxia- reoxygenation by way of ATP depletion and acidosis, which in turn causes accumulation of prodeath protein BNIP3.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H829-H835
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume293
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • ATP
  • BNIP3
  • Cell death
  • Dahl salt-sensitive rat
  • Survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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