Uncommon causes of thyrotoxicosis

Erik S. Mittra, Ryan D. Niederkohr, Cesar Rodriguez, Tarek El-Maghraby, I. Ross McDougall

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Apart from the common causes of thyrotoxicosis, such as Graves' disease and functioning nodular goiters, there are more than 20 less common causes of elevated free thyroid hormones that produce the symptoms and signs of thyrotoxicosis. This review describes these rarer conditions and includes 14 illustrative patients. Thyrotropin and free thyroxine should be measured and, when the latter is normal, the free triiodothyronine level should be obtained. Measurement of the uptake of 123I is recommended for most patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)265-278
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Nuclear Medicine
Volume49
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2008

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Keywords

  • Graves' disease
  • Thyroid hormones
  • Thyroiditis
  • Thyrotoxicosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

Mittra, E. S., Niederkohr, R. D., Rodriguez, C., El-Maghraby, T., & McDougall, I. R. (2008). Uncommon causes of thyrotoxicosis. Journal of Nuclear Medicine, 49(2), 265-278. https://doi.org/10.2967/jnumed.107.041202