Unaccompanied status as a risk factor in Vietnamese Amerasians

Robert (Bob) McKelvey, John A. Webb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study prospectively evaluates the relationship between unaccompanied status and levels of psychological distress in a group of Vietnamese Amerasians both prior to, and during, migration. Its objective was to determine whether unaccompanied migrant status functions as an independent post-departure risk factor for psychological distress, or if unaccompanied migrants are already at increased risk for, and have higher levels of, psychological distress prior to departure and the acquisition of unaccompanied status. Seventy-five Vietnamese Amerasian youth were evaluated at two points during their migration utilizing Felsman's Personal Information Form, the Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25, and the Youth Self-Report. The first assessment was conducted prior to migration at the Amerasian Transit Center in Vietnam, and the second during migration at the Philippine Refugee Processing Center. Unaccompanied Amerasians were found to have significantly higher risk levels for, and significantly more symptoms of, psychological distress prior to migration than accompanied Amerasians. During migration the difference in levels of psychological distress between accompanied and unaccompanied Amerasians increased beyond that attributable to predeparture risk levels alone. This significant differential increase in levels of psychological distress among unaccompanied Amerasians is attributable to unaccompanied status. Unaccompanied migrant status thus appears to function both as an independent postdeparture risk factor for psychological distress and also as a marker for increased levels of risk and psychological distress prior to migration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)261-266
Number of pages6
JournalSocial Science and Medicine
Volume41
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

risk factor
migration
Psychology
migrant
Refugees
Philippines
refugee
Risk factors
Psychological distress
Risk Factors
Psychological Distress
Vietnam
Checklist
Self Report
Group
Migrants

Keywords

  • psychological distress
  • risk factors
  • unaccompanied migrants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Social Psychology
  • Development

Cite this

Unaccompanied status as a risk factor in Vietnamese Amerasians. / McKelvey, Robert (Bob); Webb, John A.

In: Social Science and Medicine, Vol. 41, No. 2, 1995, p. 261-266.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

McKelvey, Robert (Bob) ; Webb, John A. / Unaccompanied status as a risk factor in Vietnamese Amerasians. In: Social Science and Medicine. 1995 ; Vol. 41, No. 2. pp. 261-266.
@article{e67c63ef80dd47c1a0e4ef444f5a39c6,
title = "Unaccompanied status as a risk factor in Vietnamese Amerasians",
abstract = "This study prospectively evaluates the relationship between unaccompanied status and levels of psychological distress in a group of Vietnamese Amerasians both prior to, and during, migration. Its objective was to determine whether unaccompanied migrant status functions as an independent post-departure risk factor for psychological distress, or if unaccompanied migrants are already at increased risk for, and have higher levels of, psychological distress prior to departure and the acquisition of unaccompanied status. Seventy-five Vietnamese Amerasian youth were evaluated at two points during their migration utilizing Felsman's Personal Information Form, the Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25, and the Youth Self-Report. The first assessment was conducted prior to migration at the Amerasian Transit Center in Vietnam, and the second during migration at the Philippine Refugee Processing Center. Unaccompanied Amerasians were found to have significantly higher risk levels for, and significantly more symptoms of, psychological distress prior to migration than accompanied Amerasians. During migration the difference in levels of psychological distress between accompanied and unaccompanied Amerasians increased beyond that attributable to predeparture risk levels alone. This significant differential increase in levels of psychological distress among unaccompanied Amerasians is attributable to unaccompanied status. Unaccompanied migrant status thus appears to function both as an independent postdeparture risk factor for psychological distress and also as a marker for increased levels of risk and psychological distress prior to migration.",
keywords = "psychological distress, risk factors, unaccompanied migrants",
author = "McKelvey, {Robert (Bob)} and Webb, {John A.}",
year = "1995",
doi = "10.1016/0277-9536(94)00314-J",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "41",
pages = "261--266",
journal = "Social Science and Medicine",
issn = "0277-9536",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Unaccompanied status as a risk factor in Vietnamese Amerasians

AU - McKelvey, Robert (Bob)

AU - Webb, John A.

PY - 1995

Y1 - 1995

N2 - This study prospectively evaluates the relationship between unaccompanied status and levels of psychological distress in a group of Vietnamese Amerasians both prior to, and during, migration. Its objective was to determine whether unaccompanied migrant status functions as an independent post-departure risk factor for psychological distress, or if unaccompanied migrants are already at increased risk for, and have higher levels of, psychological distress prior to departure and the acquisition of unaccompanied status. Seventy-five Vietnamese Amerasian youth were evaluated at two points during their migration utilizing Felsman's Personal Information Form, the Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25, and the Youth Self-Report. The first assessment was conducted prior to migration at the Amerasian Transit Center in Vietnam, and the second during migration at the Philippine Refugee Processing Center. Unaccompanied Amerasians were found to have significantly higher risk levels for, and significantly more symptoms of, psychological distress prior to migration than accompanied Amerasians. During migration the difference in levels of psychological distress between accompanied and unaccompanied Amerasians increased beyond that attributable to predeparture risk levels alone. This significant differential increase in levels of psychological distress among unaccompanied Amerasians is attributable to unaccompanied status. Unaccompanied migrant status thus appears to function both as an independent postdeparture risk factor for psychological distress and also as a marker for increased levels of risk and psychological distress prior to migration.

AB - This study prospectively evaluates the relationship between unaccompanied status and levels of psychological distress in a group of Vietnamese Amerasians both prior to, and during, migration. Its objective was to determine whether unaccompanied migrant status functions as an independent post-departure risk factor for psychological distress, or if unaccompanied migrants are already at increased risk for, and have higher levels of, psychological distress prior to departure and the acquisition of unaccompanied status. Seventy-five Vietnamese Amerasian youth were evaluated at two points during their migration utilizing Felsman's Personal Information Form, the Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25, and the Youth Self-Report. The first assessment was conducted prior to migration at the Amerasian Transit Center in Vietnam, and the second during migration at the Philippine Refugee Processing Center. Unaccompanied Amerasians were found to have significantly higher risk levels for, and significantly more symptoms of, psychological distress prior to migration than accompanied Amerasians. During migration the difference in levels of psychological distress between accompanied and unaccompanied Amerasians increased beyond that attributable to predeparture risk levels alone. This significant differential increase in levels of psychological distress among unaccompanied Amerasians is attributable to unaccompanied status. Unaccompanied migrant status thus appears to function both as an independent postdeparture risk factor for psychological distress and also as a marker for increased levels of risk and psychological distress prior to migration.

KW - psychological distress

KW - risk factors

KW - unaccompanied migrants

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0029008050&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0029008050&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/0277-9536(94)00314-J

DO - 10.1016/0277-9536(94)00314-J

M3 - Article

C2 - 7667687

AN - SCOPUS:0029008050

VL - 41

SP - 261

EP - 266

JO - Social Science and Medicine

JF - Social Science and Medicine

SN - 0277-9536

IS - 2

ER -