Ultrasound and the evaluation of pediatric thyroid malignancy: Current recommendations for diagnosis and follow-up

Sarah Ogle, Alexa Merz, Ralitza Parina, Mahmoud Alsayed, Mira Milas

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    2 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Ultrasound (US) plays a critical role in the evaluation, treatment, screening, and surveillance of thyroid malignancy in pediatric patients. This review aims to summarize recent advances in this topic. Improvements in imaging technology have amplified the advantage of US and US-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy for thyroid nodule evaluation, cancer diagnosis, and surgical planning. Ultrasound has a definitive screening role for early cancer detection in high-risk patients, including those with a history of radiation exposure from childhood treatments, environmental radiation disasters, or hereditary/familial cancer syndromes. Finally, US is a key component of lifelong surveillance for recurrence among pediatric thyroid cancer survivors.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)2311-2324
    Number of pages14
    JournalJournal of Ultrasound in Medicine
    Volume37
    Issue number10
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Oct 2018

    Keywords

    • American thyroid association guidelines
    • Head and neck
    • Lymph node surveillance
    • Pediatrics
    • Thyroid cancer
    • Thyroid/ parathyroid
    • Thyroidectomy
    • Ultrasound

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
    • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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