Rad23 is a DNA repair protein that promotes the assembly of the nucleotide excision repair complex. Rad23 can interact with the 26S proteasome through an N-terminal ubiquitin-like domain, and inhibits the assembly of substrate-linked multi-ubiquitin (multi-Ub) chains in vitro and in vivo. Significantly, Rad23 can bind a proteolytic substrate that is conjugated to a few ubiquitin (Ub) moieties. We report here that two ubiquitin-associated (UBA) domains in Rad23 form non-covalent interactions with Ub. A mutant that lacked either UBA sequence was capable of blocking the assembly of substrate-linked multi-Ub chains, although a mutant that lacked both UBA domains was significantly impaired. These studies suggest that the interaction with Ub is required for Rad23 activity, and that other UBA-containing proteins may have a similar function.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology