Significant concern exists over the long-term results of right ventricular outflow tract repair using heterograft valved conduits. Because these conduits and valves are difficult to image using ultrasound, a serially applicable two dimensional Doppler echocardiographic, M mode echocardiographic and phonocardiographic method for noninvasive investigation was developed and applied in 15 children. The method provides two dimensional echocardiographic imaging of valve contour and motion, as well as M mode and phonocardiographic analysis and quantitative range-gated Doppler information about the timing of flow through the conduit. Conduit diameter in two dimensional echocardiographic images correlated well with known conduit size (r = +0.96). A thickened and stenosed heterograft valve was predicted in two patients before hemodynamic investigation. This new method provides serially obtainable information to aid in the management of children and infants with a valved conduit placed for repair of congenital heart malformations and aids in planning the timing of hemodynamic follow-up studies.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine