TCR Id protein conjugated to keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) (TCR Id:KLH) and injected with a chemical adjuvant (QS-21) induces a protective, Id-specific immune response against the murine T cell lymphoma, C6VL. However, Id-based immunotherapy of C6VL has not demonstrated therapeutic efficacy in tumor-bearing mice. We report here that C6VL lysate-pulsed dendritic cells (C6VL-DC) vaccines display enhanced efficacy in both the prevention and the therapy of T cell lymphoma compared with TCR Id:KLH with QS-21 vaccines. C6VL-DC vaccines stimulated potent tumor-specific immunity that protected mice against lethal challenge with C6VL and significantly enhanced the survival of tumor-bearing mice. Tumor-specific proliferation and secretion of IFN-γ indicative of a Th1-type immune response were observed upon ex vivo stimulation of vaccine-primed lymph node cells. Adoptive transfer of immune T cell-enriched lymphocytes was sufficient to protect naive recipients from lethal tumor challenge. Furthermore, CD8+ T cells were absolutely required for tumor protection. Although C6VL-DC and control vaccines stimulated low levels of tumor-specific Ab production in mice, Ab levels did not correlate with the protective ability of the vaccine. Thus, tumor cell lysate-pulsed DC vaccines appear to be an effective approach to generate potent T cell-mediated immune responses against T cell malignancies without requiring identification of tumor-specific Ags or patient-specific Id protein expression.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy