Aging is associated with a progressive decline in renal function and the development of glomerulosclerosis and interstitial fibrosis. Although many studies have addressed the cellular mechanisms of age-related glomerulosclerosis, less is known about the tubulointerstitial fibrosis. In this study, aging (24 mo) rats develop tubulointerstitial fibrosis characterized by tubular injury and focal tubular cell proliferation, myofibroblast activation, macrophage infiltration with increased immunostaining for the adhesive proteins osteopontin and intercellular adhesion molecule-1, and collagen IV deposition. Aging rats demonstrated immunostaining for endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOSIII) in renal tubular epithelial cells and infiltrating mononuclear cells in areas of tubulointerstitial injury, with a relative loss of staining of the peritubular capillaries compared with young rats. The aging rats also displayed focal loss of peritubular capillaries (as noted by focally decreased RECA-1 and OX-2 staining) in areas of tubulointerstitial injury. The areas of fibrosis and hypocellularity were associated with increased apoptosis of tubular and interstitial cells compared with young (3 mo) rats (25.4 ± 5.3 versus 3.5 ± 2.5 TUNEL-positive cells/0.25 mm2 in old versus young rats, P = 0.0001). It is concluded that tubulointerstitial fibrosis in aging is an active process associated with interstitial inflammation and fibroblast activation. The progressive loss of cells in areas of fibrosis may be due to accelerated apoptosis. Furthermore, the tubulointerstitial injury may be the consequence of ischemia secondary to peritubular capillary injury and altered eNOS expression.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Journal of the American Society of Nephrology|
|State||Published - Feb 1998|
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