Trends of hospitalizations in the United States from 2000 to 2012 of patients >60 years with aortic valve disease

Apurva O. Badheka, Vikas Singh, Nileshkumar J. Patel, Shilpkumar Arora, Nilay Patel, Badal Thakkar, Sunny Jhamnani, Sadip Pant, Ankit Chothani, Conrad Macon, Sidakpal S. Panaich, Jay Patel, Sohilkumar Manvar, Chirag Savani, Parth Bhatt, Vinaykumar Panchal, Neil Patel, Achint Patel, Darshan Patel, Sopan LahewalaAbhishek Deshmukh, Tamam Mohamad, Abeel A. Mangi, Michael Cleman, John K. Forrest

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

In recent years, there has been an increased emphasis on the diagnosis and treatment of valvular heart disease and, in particular, aortic stenosis. This has been driven in part by the development of innovative therapeutic options and by an aging patient population. We hypothesized an increase in the number of hospitalizations and the economic burden associated with aortic valve disease (AVD). Using Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 2000 to 2012, AVD-related hospitalizations were identified using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification, code 424.1, as the principal discharge diagnosis. Overall AVD hospitalizations increased by 59% from 2000 to 2012. This increase was most significant in patients >80 years and those with higher burden of co-morbidities. The most frequent coexisting conditions were hypertension, heart failure, renal failure, anemia, and diabetes. Overall inhospital mortality of patients hospitalized for AVD was 3.8%, which significantly decreased from 4.5% in 2000 to 3.5% in 2012 (p <0.001). The largest decrease in mortality was seen in the subgroup of patients who had heart failure (62% reduction), higher burden of co-morbidities (58% reduction), and who were >80 years (53% reduction). There was a substantial increase in the cost of hospitalization in the last decade from $31,909 to $38,172 (p <0.001). The total annual cost for AVD hospitalization in the United States increased from $1.3 billion in 2001 to $2.1 billion in 2011 and is expected to increase to nearly 3 billion by 2020. The last decade has witnessed a significant increase in hospitalizations for AVD in the United States. The associated decrease in inhospital mortality and increase in the cost of hospitalization have considerably increased the economic burden on the public health system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)132-141
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume116
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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