Treatment protocol for secondary esophageal reconstruction using ‘supercharged’ colon interposition flaps

N. Esmonde, W. Rodan, K. R. Haisley, N. Joslyn, J. Carboy, J. G. Hunter, P. H. Schipper, B. H. Tieu, J. Hansen, J. P. Dolan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Locoregional esophageal cancer is currently treated with induction chemoradiotherapy, followed by esophagectomy with reconstruction, using a gastric conduit. In cases of conduit failure, patients are temporized with a cervical esophagostomy and enteral nutrition until gastrointestinal continuity can be established. At our institution, we favor reconstruction, using a colon interposition with a ‘supercharged’ accessory vascular pedicle. Consequently, we sought to examine our technique and outcomes for esophageal reconstruction, using this approach. We performed a retrospective review of all patients who underwent esophagectomy at our center between 2008 and 2018. We identified those patients who had a failed gastric conduit and underwent secondary reconstruction. Patient demographics, perioperative details, and clinical outcomes were analyzed after our clinical care pathway was used to manage and prepare patients for a second major reconstructive surgery. Three hundred and eighty eight patients underwent esophagectomy and reconstruction with a gastric conduit. Seven patients (1.8%) suffered gastric conduit loss and underwent a secondary reconstruction using a colon interposition with a ‘supercharged’ vascular pedicle. Mean age was 70.1 (±7.3) years, and six patients were male. The transverse colon was used in four cases (57.1%), left colon in two cases (28.6%), and right colon in one case (14.3%). There were no deaths or loss of the colon interposition at follow-up. Three patients (42.9%) developed an anastomotic leak, which resolved with conservative management. All patients had resumption of oral intake within 30 days. Utilizing a ‘supercharging’ technique for colon interposition may improve the perfusion to the organ and may decrease morbidity. Secondary reconstruction should occur when the patient’s oncologic, physiologic, and psychosocial condition is optimized. Our outcomes and preoperative strategies may provide guidance for those centers treating this complicated patient population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalDiseases of the Esophagus
Volume33
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2020

Keywords

  • Cancer treatment
  • Esophageal
  • Esophageal cancer
  • Esophagectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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