Treatment of Aggressive Retinal Astrocytic Hamartoma with Oral Mechanistic Target of Rapamycin Inhibition

Frances Wu, Mark P. McGarrey, Kennedy R. Geenen, Alison H. Skalet, Florian H. Guillot, Jenny L. Wilson, Ankoor S. Shah, Efren Gonzalez, Elizabeth A. Thiele, Ivana K. Kim, Mary E. Aronow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To describe the clinical course and outcomes of aggressive retinal astrocytic hamartoma (RAH) treated with oral mechanistic target of rapamycin inhibitors (mTORis). Design: A retrospective clinical case series. Participants: Five patients with genetically confirmed tuberous sclerosis complex and visually significant RAH due to tumor growth or exudation. Methods: In this retrospective clinical case series, a review of electronic medical records was performed to determine baseline and follow-up ophthalmic examination characteristics, along with ancillary imaging findings, in patients receiving off-label treatment with either oral sirolimus or everolimus for symptomatic RAH. Main Outcome Measures: Visual acuity, change in tumor size, degree of exudation, and adverse effects of the mTORis were evaluated. Results: The 5 patients in this series ranged in age from 8 months to 54 years. Four were treated with sirolimus, and 1 received everolimus. In all the cases, the tumor height was stable or decreased after the treatment (median follow-up duration, 39 months; range, 11–73 months). Exudation improved after the treatment in all the cases. In an 8-month-old infant, frequent upper respiratory tract infections prompted the cessation of treatment. In 1 patient, the mTORi was temporarily withheld because of elevated liver enzyme levels. No other significant adverse effects were noted. Conclusions: Sirolimus and everolimus should be considered in the management of vision-threatening RAH, particularly in the setting of exudative and rapidly growing tumors. Four of the 5 patients in this series tolerated the oral mTORi and continued with the therapy. There were no serious complications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalOphthalmology Retina
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Everolimus
  • Retinal astrocytic hamartoma
  • Sirolimus
  • Tuberous sclerosis complex
  • mTOR inhibitor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Treatment of Aggressive Retinal Astrocytic Hamartoma with Oral Mechanistic Target of Rapamycin Inhibition'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this