Treating bedtime resistance with the bedtime pass: A systematic replication and component analysis with 3-year-olds

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23 Scopus citations


Bedtime resistance, a common pediatric problem, that was displayed by 4 unrelated 3-year-old children was treated with the bedtime pass (i.e., provision of a small notecard exchangeable for one trip out of the bedroom after bedtime) plus extinction. Bedtime resistance was eliminated for all participants. Further, treatment did not produce extinction bursts, as is common when using extinction procedures alone. Component analysis with 1 participant suggested that use of both components of the intervention produced the best outcomes. Findings extend the literature on the treatment of pediatric bedtime resistance as well as the application of behavior analysis to clinical psychology and pediatric care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)423-428
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of applied behavior analysis
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 2006



  • Bedtime behavior problems
  • Bedtime pass
  • Bedtime resistance
  • Behavioral treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Philosophy
  • Applied Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

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