Transcription initiation in the two leader exons of the rat IGF-I gene occurs from disperse versus localized sites

Martin L. Adamo, Haya Ben-Hur, Derek Leroith, Charles Roberts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

84 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rat IGF-I mRNAs contain two different 5′-UTR sequences as a result of alternate splicing of leader exons. Using a combination of solution hybridization/RNase protection and primer extension assays, we have mapped the transcriptional start sites in these leader exons. There appear to be three putative transcription start sites in exon I spread over a 140-bp region, the most upstream of which defines a 381 bp-long exon 1. There appear to be three distinct start sites in exon 2, the most upstream of which defines a greater than 770 bp-long exon 2. The two downstream start sites in exon 1 together account for ∼70% of IGF-I gene expression in adult rat liver. Essentially all of the remaining IGF-I gene expression comes from the second start site in exon 2. Rat IGF-I gene transcription may therefore be regulated by two distinct promoter regions, a disperse promoter for exon 1, with several transcription initiation sites, and a more typical promoter region for exon 2, which controls transcription initiation from a discrete region.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)887-893
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume176
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 30 1991
Externally publishedYes

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Transcription
Insulin-Like Growth Factor I
Rats
Exons
Genes
Transcription Initiation Site
Genetic Promoter Regions
Gene expression
Gene Expression
5' Untranslated Regions
Alternative Splicing
Ribonucleases
Liver
Assays
Messenger RNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

Transcription initiation in the two leader exons of the rat IGF-I gene occurs from disperse versus localized sites. / Adamo, Martin L.; Ben-Hur, Haya; Leroith, Derek; Roberts, Charles.

In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol. 176, No. 2, 30.04.1991, p. 887-893.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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