Transcription factor interactions and chromatin modifications associated with p53-mediated, developmental repression of the alpha-fetoprotein gene

Thi T. Nguyen, Kyucheol Cho, Sabrina A. Stratton, Michelle Craig Barton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

We performed chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) analyses of developmentally staged solid tissues isolated from wild-type and p53-null mice to determine specific histone N-terminal modifications, histone-modifying proteins, and transcription factor interactions at the developmental repressor region (-850) and core promoter of the hepatic tumor marker alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) gene. Both repression of AFP during liver development and silencing in the brain, where AFP is never expressed, are associated with dimethylation of histone H3 lysine 9 (DiMetH3K9) and the presence of heterochromatin protein 1 (HP1). These heterochromatic markers remain localized to AFP during developmental repression but spread to the upstream albumin gene during silencing. Developmentally regulated decreases in levels of acetylated H3 (AcH3K9) and H4 (AcH4) and of di- and trimethylated H3K4 (DiMetH3K4 and TriMetH3K4) occur at both the core promoter and distal repressor regions of AFP. Hepatic expression of AFP correlates with FoxA interaction at the repressor region and the binding of RNA polymerase II and TATA-binding protein to the core promoter. p53 acts as a developmental repressor of AFP in the liver by binding to chromatin, excluding FoxA interaction and targeting mSin3A/HDAC1 to the distal repressor region. p53-null mice exhibit developmentally delayed AFP repression, concomitant with acetylation of H3K9, methylation of H3K4, and loss of DiMetH3K9, mSin3A/HDAC1, and HP1 interactions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2147-2157
Number of pages11
JournalMolecular and cellular biology
Volume25
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2005
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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