Transcervical administration of polidocanol foam prevents pregnancy in female baboons

Jeffrey T. Jensen, Carol Hanna, Shan Yao, Emily Thompson, Cassondra Bauer, Ov D. Slayden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Background Our objective was to conduct a pilot study to determine if transcervical administration of polidocanol foam (PF) with or without doxycycline or benzalkonium chloride (BZK) would prevent pregnancy in baboons. Methods In study phase 1, adult cycling baboons underwent a hysterosalpingogram to evaluate tubal patency prior to transcervical infusion of 20 mL of 5% PF followed by 1 mL of saline containing 100 mg doxycycline (5%/doxy; n=5), 3% PF plus doxycycline (3%/doxy; n=4), 3% PF with 0.01% BZK (3%/BZK; n=4) or no additional treatment (control; n=9). Immediately following treatment, animals received intramuscular depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA, 2 mg/kg) to suppress cyclicity during healing and were then socially housed with males of proven fertility. The primary outcome was pregnancy within six cycles of resumption of menses (efficacy phase 1). During study phase 2, PF-treated females from study phase 1 contributed additional cycles (6–8) of exposure (efficacy phase 2), and 5 control females who had recovered from medical abortion (after study phase 1 pregnancy) were subsequently treated with 5% PF (with DMPA) and exposed to breeding (efficacy phase 1; n=3 six cycles, n=2 five cycles). Results All females resumed normal menstrual cycles and mating activity after DMPA. During efficacy phase 1, 7/9 (78%) control females became pregnant. In contrast, fewer pregnancies occurred in PF-treated females: 5% PF 0/5 (0%), 5%/doxy 1/5 (20%), 3%/doxy 1/4 (25%) and 3%/BZK 1/4 (25%). During efficacy phase 2, only one additional pregnancy occurred (3%/BZK). Conclusions A single transcervical treatment with 5% PF prevented pregnancy in most baboons. Cotreatment with doxycycline or BZK did not improve results. Implications Transcervical intrauterine administration of PF resulted in a high rate of tubal occlusion with prevention of pregnancy; refinements are needed to increase the contraceptive rate following a single treatment to near 100%.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)527-533
Number of pages7
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 1 2016


  • Female
  • Nonhuman primate
  • Nonsurgical
  • Permanent contraception
  • Polidocanol
  • Sterilization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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