Training for minimally invasive surgery - Need for surgical skills

Bruce M. Wolfe, Zoltan Szabo, Michael E. Moran, Paul Chan, John G. Hunter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

68 Scopus citations


Controversy exists regarding the training of surgeons for the performance of minimally invasive surgical procedures. The use of live animals is essential, especially in teaching dissection techniques. Seventeen percent of animals experienced excessive operative hemorrhage, which contributed to premature mortality during training exercises, demonstrating the need for live animals in this component of the training. A number of abdominal procedures can be performed with minimally invasive techniques without suturing by utilizing a rapidly expanding array of devices. However, other procedures cannot be successfully accomplished without suturing skills. Laparoscopic suturing skills are particularly demanding; thus specific training and practice prior to hands-on exercises in animal models is recommended. Emphasis on acquisition of advanced laparoscopic surgical skills is a necessity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)93-95
Number of pages3
JournalSurgical endoscopy
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1993


  • Animal models
  • Laparoscopic training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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