Trachoma in a rural Haitian community

Roger L. Nichols, Moshe Lahav, Daniel Albert, Judith A. Whittum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We selected 43 patients, aged 15 days to 57 years, for intensive study after screening 975 people for clinical evidence of trachoma in rural Haiti. Trachoma was present in Haiti with low endemicity and was followed by relatively mild sequelae. Laboratory studies confirmed the disease through demonstration of conjunctival inclusion bodies by immunofluoresence and serotyping of antibody in sera or eye secretions, or both. Of 23 patients (age 1 to 36 years) with active trachoma, all had serum antibody to chlamydia (range 1:10 to 1:640), nine had eye secretion antibody (range 1:10 to 1:1280), and one was inclusion positive. The remaining 20 patients (age 15 days to 57 years) had the following diagnosis: atypical follicles (eight), conjunctivitis with or without mucopurulent discharge (ten), innactive pannus only (one), and severe anemia (one). Only 16 of the 20 were tested for serum antibody and all were positive (1:10 to 1:5,120), 11 of 20 had eye secretion antibody (1:10 to ≤ 1:640), and one was inclusion positive. Serotyping attempted on 22 patients yielded 16 patients with antibodies specific for type A, one patient with type B, and five who were not typed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)76-81
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume81
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1976
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Trachoma
Rural Population
Antibodies
Haiti
Serotyping
Serum
Conjunctivitis
Chlamydia
Inclusion Bodies
Anemia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

Cite this

Trachoma in a rural Haitian community. / Nichols, Roger L.; Lahav, Moshe; Albert, Daniel; Whittum, Judith A.

In: American Journal of Ophthalmology, Vol. 81, No. 1, 01.01.1976, p. 76-81.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nichols, Roger L. ; Lahav, Moshe ; Albert, Daniel ; Whittum, Judith A. / Trachoma in a rural Haitian community. In: American Journal of Ophthalmology. 1976 ; Vol. 81, No. 1. pp. 76-81.
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